Data sovereignty through GAIA-X
Many IT services are not possible without cloud services. To make it easier to comply with European data protection and security standards, GAIA-X was launched: A European cloud architecture tailored to the needs of businesses and public authorities in the EU. And which can thus also be used extensively by public authorities to offer data-driven services. Materna is playing a pioneering role here and is involved in several projects.
In the "GAIA-X 4 Future Mobility" initiative, Materna is taking on sub-project leadership in two projects (GAIA-X 4 ROMS and GAIA-X 4 moveID) and developing concepts for managing autonomous vehicle fleets for passenger and freight transport. Together with numerous partners from government, business and research, Materna will develop a data room for the secure exchange of mobility data to manage automated and connected vehicles. This initiative was launched by the German Gaia-X Hub, which is funded by the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Climate Protection. Over the next three years, the consortium of the nationwide research project will develop concrete use cases to reduce high traffic congestion and thus improve the climate footprint.
In the GAIA-X 4 ROMS (Remote Operation Management Services) project, solutions for the (remote) control of autonomous vehicle fleets in passenger and freight transport are being developed. By harnessing mobility data from a wide variety of sources for AI solutions, autonomous buses and trains in public transport, mobile packing stations and other innovative mobility solutions can be realized in the future. Fleet operators such as transport companies as well as providers of data-driven services and vehicle components can benefit from the project. Project manager Marco Kremer describes Materna's contribution: "Using modern cloud and blockchain technologies, we are generating a federated data space and connecting providers and users via interfaces in such a way that they can exchange data with each other in a self-determined manner - this is an essential foundation of connected mobility. We look forward to working with our project partners on this groundbreaking project."
The GAIA-X 4 moveID project outline, which Materna also played a key role in developing, serves sovereign identity management. With the help of self-determined identities, vehicles can be integrated into decentralized traffic systems and traffic flows dynamically adapted to local traffic restrictions, such as traffic-calmed zones or various environmental zones. All "GAIA-X 4 Future Mobility" projects will benefit from the results produced in this project.
The project outline "Data Space Forest and Wood (DWH 4.0)" developed under the leadership of Materna was awarded a funding commitment in the funding competition "Innovative and practical applications and data spaces in the digital ecosystem GAIA-X". The Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) had announced the funding competition for collaborative projects with a minimum volume of ten million euros each and a duration of three years. The DWH 4.0 lighthouse project was launched in 2022 and will be implemented by a consortium of business, public administration and science that will develop practical applications for networking the forestry and timber industry. The joint project will make the data space of the challenging forest ecosystem available to a broad range of users. The forest will be mapped as a digital twin in order to analyze the consequences of climate change for the forest in particular and to enable sustainable use within the forestry and timber industry.
Materna is also involved in the project to set up a Mobility Data Space, which is being funded by the German Federal Ministry of Transport. Here, the concept of International Data Spaces is being applied to the domain of mobility. The plan is to set up a cross-municipality system for traffic control that can optimize routes for commuters and trucks on a large scale. This will affect, for example, the traffic light circuits, which today operate on a small scale and are not networked. In the medium term, the Mobility Data Space will also include other participants who supply and use data. For example, freight forwarders who can contribute information on planned routes. Materna can draw on experience already gained here, for example through the "Mobility Data Marketplace" MDM of the Federal Highway Research Institute (BASt), which was implemented together with the Federal Ministry of Transport. The Federal Cartel Office uses the MDM to ensure market transparency. However, the data can also be used to solve more complex tasks, such as real-time forecasts on the utilization of truck parking spaces on highways.
More about GAIA-X
Research Project I2PANEMA
More digitalization for the port industry
More and more industries are turning to digital technologies to make their existing processes more efficient or to develop new business models. Innovative technologies can also create new potential for optimizing seaports and inland ports. However, digitalization is just getting started in the port industry: although a lot of data is collected during operational procedures, there is still a lot of potential for achieving increased efficiency. The managers responsible for these areas are facing the challenge of identifying the most suitable solution approaches for their individual needs from the multitude of options that are being offered. The I2PANEMA research project aims to create a reference architecture for this and, for example, to show how data analyses, especially in the context of the Internet of Things (IoT), can improve existing procedures.
Data provides insights
Technologies such as the IoT generate huge quantities of data which, for example, can be used to control systems or to optimize processes. Complementary data analyses create the basis for implementing new data-based services and assistant functions in port environments. This project aims to show how companies can use this data as the basis for implementing innovative measures for controlling traffic which can in turn reduce emissions or optimize energy efficiency. I2PANEMA also intends to help integrate existing and often heterogenous IT systems as it is only through optimized data exchange that it is possible to advance digitalization for port environments efficiently.
Within the context of the I2PANEMA project, specific scenarios are being designed to demonstrate the benefits that digitalization can deliver. For example, applications are being planned for the fields of noise reduction, traffic management, energy consumption, emissions monitoring and localization.
Many ports, IT and logistics companies as well as universities from several European countries are involved in the I2PANEMA project which is part of the EUREKA cluster programme ITEA. This consortium is headed by the Fraunhofer Institute for Material Flow and Logistics and Materna, which are both based in Dortmund, Germany. The experts from Materna are contributing their specialist knowledge in the field of digitalization as well as their experience with IoT. The project is planned to continue until the year 2022. The German part of the project is being financed by funds from the companies involved and by funding from the Federal Ministry for Education and Research.
This international cooperation also contributes towards the German seaports and inland ports in the project becoming active partners in the formation of a future international smart port network. This will enable companies to optimize existing logistics chains and to shorten shipping times while simultaneously reducing the emissions generated by goods transportation.
Augmented reality for shipping
Innovative applications for augmented reality in inland ports and seaports
As digitization becomes ubiquitous in the world of work, it is hardly going to sidestep inland ports and seaports. That is why InnoPortAR was launched, with the purpose of examining how the deployment of augmented reality (AR) can facilitate workflows at inland ports and seaports. Possible use cases will be assessed in detail in a range of test environments. Augmented reality is an enhancement of the real-world experience using computer-generated information. Materna’s role in the project stems from its know-how in the field of augmented reality.
The project’s research partners are exploring the practical and technological implications of deploying AR in a port environment. Practical concerns include, for example, content visibility and limitations of the AR devices, but also how much information to provide to staff without overloading them. Technological issues regarding requirements in the port environment or the performance of the data glasses in different lighting and weather conditions also need to be addressed.
The main focus of the research will be on cognitive ergonomics and data presentation, the application fields of data glasses and input possibilities in the area of port technology and machine learning.
The use of AR can help to optimize handling and stuffing processes in the port environment and to ease the workload of staff by means of harmonized human-machine interaction. Altogether, the project will support the introduction of innovative technologies in the port environment and boost the use of IT within the logistics chains. Deploying AR will not only make port jobs more attractive, but also cast German ports in a trailblazing role in Europe while reinforcing their key function for the German economy.
The research consortium comprises the following partners: Duisburger Port (overall coordinator), Materna SE and Materna TMT GmbH, the Fraunhofer Institute for Material Flow and Logistics, and the Fraunhofer Center for Maritime Logistics and Services CML. Further project partners are Haeger & Schmidt Logistics GmbH, Eurogate Technical Services GmbH and Container Terminal Dortmund GmbH.
The project is scheduled to conclude in autumn 2021.
MobiDS - Mobility Data Space
Linking municipal, regional and national data platforms
In the coming years, mobility will increasingly adapt to the individual needs of travelers, for example through new on-demand mobility offers and autonomous vehicles in private and public transport. These new offerings will be based on real-time data about traffic, traveler needs, and availability. The secure and sovereign provision as well as the protected utilization of these data in distributed systems will be decisive success factors for the mobility of tomorrow.
This project initiates the development of the Mobility Data Space, which is to be established as a mobility data ecosystem with the inclusion of the Mobility Data Marketplace (MDM) of the Federal Highway Research Institute (BASt) and other municipal traffic data platforms. New municipal traffic data and nationwide mobility data will be tapped and made available for secure and sovereign processing on the platforms, which will be expanded to include data space concepts for this purpose. The municipal platforms will be linked to the MDM in order to provide and utilize regional data also on a national level.
The project will further develop the MDM and other municipal platforms to support data-based services. To this end, they will be expanded to include a secure and protected execution environment for services or data apps in which mobility data can be provided and refined while guaranteeing data sovereignty. In this way, for the first time, more sensitive mobility data such as floating car data (FCD) can be exploited. The MDM and the municipal platforms will be linked to form a decentralized data space, thereby creating a federated mobility data ecosystem. Building on this, contributions to pollution reduction, traffic liquefaction and multimodal commuter notification are made in complex real-time use cases.
Materna is involved at the request of the Federal Highway Research Institute, as Materna operates the MDM. Materna has expertise on MobilityDataSpace (architecture and use cases).
Project completion is planned for May 2022.
- Application of the "International Data Spaces" reference architecture model to mobility data
- Development of domain-specific ontologies and an extended IDS information model
- Exploration and development of distributed organizational and business models
- Roadmap for MDS-compliant further development of the MDM